A person with bad breath sometimes referred to as halitosis, has an offensive odor coming from their mouth. Several things, including poor dental hygiene, particular meals, medical problems, and lifestyle choices, might contribute to it.

What causes bad breath?

Bad breath can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  • Oral hygiene issues
  • foods that have overpowering aromas, like garlic and onions
  • nicotine use
  • mouth ache
  • illnesses such as lung infections, acid reflux, and periodontal disease
  • certain medicines

Why is good oral hygiene important?

To avoid bad breath, it’s important to practice good oral hygiene. Gum disease, tooth decay, and other oral health issues that can result from oral bacteria can all contribute to bad breath. Frequent brushing, flossing, and dental checkups can all contribute to fresh breath and a healthy mouth.

Home Remedies for Bad Breath

Brush and floss regularly

Brushing your teeth twice a day and flossing at least once a day can help remove food particles and plaque from your teeth, which can prevent the buildup of bacteria that causes bad breath.

Clean your tongue

Bacteria can accumulate on your tongue, so it’s important to clean it regularly. Use a tongue scraper or your toothbrush to gently remove bacteria and debris from the surface of your tongue.

Use mouthwash

Mouthwash can help kill bacteria in your mouth and freshen your breath. Look for an alcohol-free mouthwash that contains fluoride, which can help prevent tooth decay.

Stay hydrated

A dry mouth can contribute to bad breath, so make sure to drink plenty of water throughout the day to keep your mouth moist.

Chew sugarless gum

Chewing sugarless gum can help stimulate the production of saliva, which can wash away bacteria and food particles that cause bad breath.

Drink tea

Tea contains compounds that can help freshen your breath and kill bacteria in your mouth. Green tea, in particular, has been shown to be effective at reducing bad breath.

Use baking soda

Baking soda can help neutralize odors in your mouth and improve the overall pH balance. Mix a teaspoon of baking soda with water and use it as a mouth rinse.

Eat fruits and vegetables

Fruits and vegetables, particularly those high in fiber, can help stimulate the production of saliva and wash away bacteria in your mouth. Crunchy fruits and vegetables, like apples and carrots, can also help clean your teeth.

Quit smoking

Smoking can contribute to bad breath, as well as a variety of other health problems.

Medical Treatments for Bad Breath

When to see a dentist or doctor

If your bad breath persists even after practicing good oral hygiene and trying home remedies, it may be a sign of an underlying medical condition. You should see a dentist or doctor if you experience any of the following symptoms:

  • Persistent bad breath
  • Sudden onset of bad breath
  • Thick saliva or a constant need to clear your throat
  • Pain or difficulty swallowing
  • White spots or sores in your mouth
  • Dry mouth

Professional cleaning

Professional cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist can help remove built-up plaque and tartar, which can contribute to bad breath. This can be done during a routine checkup or as a separate appointment.

Antibiotics and prescription mouthwash

If your bad breath is caused by a bacterial infection, your dentist or doctor may prescribe antibiotics to treat the infection. They may also prescribe a prescription-strength mouthwash to help kill the bacteria.

Oral appliances

Oral appliances, such as tongue scrapers and interdental brushes, can help remove bacteria and food particles from hard-to-reach areas in your mouth. Your dentist or dental hygienist can recommend the best oral appliance for your needs.

Treatment for underlying medical conditions

If your bad breath is caused by an underlying medical condition, such as gum disease or acid reflux, your dentist or doctor may recommend treatment for the condition. This may include medication or lifestyle changes to manage the condition and reduce bad breath.

Remember, it’s important to address the underlying cause of bad breath rather than just masking the odor with mouthwash or mints.


Can bad breath be a sign of an underlying medical condition?

Certainly, some medical conditions like gum disease, respiratory infections, and acid reflux can all be symptoms of bad breath. You should visit a dentist or doctor to rule out any underlying medical concerns if your bad breath persists after using good oral hygiene practices and trying at-home cures.

How often should I brush and floss my teeth?

At least twice daily tooth brushing and daily flossing are recommended. By removing food debris and plaque from your teeth, you can avoid bacterial growth that produces bad breath.

How do I clean my tongue?

With a tongue scraper or your toothbrush, you can clean your tongue. To get rid of bacteria and dirt from your tongue’s surface, gently scrape or brush it from back to front.

Can certain foods cause bad breath?

Certainly, some foods like garlic, onions, and spicy foods can contribute to bad breath. Even after brushing and flossing, some meals might leave a distinct aftertaste in your mouth.

What can I drink to freshen my breath?

The greatest beverage for bad breath is water since it helps wash away bacteria and food particles from your mouth. Also, studies have indicated that green tea can help with bad breath.

Is it bad to use mouthwash every day?

Daily mouthwash use is normally safe, but you should opt for a fluoride-containing mouthwash that is alcohol-free. Together with regular brushing and flossing, mouthwash can help keep your breath fresh and help you maintain good dental hygiene.

How can I prevent bad breath in the morning?

Having a dry mouth in the morning, which can happen as you sleep, is a common cause of bad breath. Drink plenty of water during the day and abstain from alcohol and tobacco to prevent morning breath. Using mouthwash before bed or chewing sugarless gum in the morning are additional options.

How often should I visit my dentist for a check-up?

At least every six months, you should get a checkup from the dentist. This can assist in detecting and preventing oral health issues, such as the foul breath. Make an appointment with your dentist as soon as you can if your dental health experiences any abrupt or ongoing changes.